Maxillary Molars

#1, 2, 3, 14, 15, 16

Maxillary 1st Molar

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Maxillary 2nd Molar

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Maxillary 3rd Molar

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Height of Contour

Root Depressions

Crown Shapes

Eruption and Calcification


  • 1. As a general rule, all permanent teeth converge lingually except for:

  • 2. Permanent maxillary posterior teeth possess which form/shape when viewed from the occlusal?

  • 3. Most often, permanent maxillary posterior molar teeth possess how many root canals?

  • 4. A patient presents to your office requiring root canal therapy. You take a radiograph of the patient’s #3 and you only see 3 root canals. What should your initial thought be?

  • 5. Which of the following permanent maxillary 1st molar root canals are most likely to bifurcate?

  • 6. Which of the permanent maxillary molar cusps gets considerably smaller as we move distally?

  • 7. Which of the following teeth have a cusp of Carabelli trait?

  • 8. Which of the following teeth develop from 5 lobes ? 1) Permanent maxillary 1st molar 2) Permanent mandibular 2nd premolar (3 cusp type) 3) Deciduous maxillary 2nd molar 4) Permanent mandibular 1st molar

  • 9. Which of the following grooves would you expect to find on the occlusal table of tooth #3? 1) Buccal groove 2) Central groove 3) Lingual groove 4) Disto-occlusal groove

  • 10. Which two cusps comprise the oblique ridge?

  • 11. A pediatric patient comes to your office presenting with caries in the mesial pit of their maxillary 1st molar. Which mistake should you avoid when prepping this tooth?

  • 12. Which of the following is one way to differentiate #14 and #15 from each other?

  • 13. Where are the furcations located in the roots of a permanent maxillary molar? 1)Mesially 2)Distally 3)Buccally 4)Palatally

  • 14. When viewing #3 from the distal aspect, which of the following structures are you unable to see?

  • 15. How do the roots of the permanent maxillary 2nd molar compare to the roots of the permanent maxillary 1st molar?

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Learn More Anatomy


Nelson. (2009). Wheeler’s Dental Anatomy, Physiology and Occlusion (9th ed.). Elsevier.
Scheid, Weiss, G., & Woelfel, J. B. (2012). Woelfel’s dental anatomy (8th ed.). Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.